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Acco North, Acre

עכו סיור רגלי בעיר העתיקה

The tour of Acco involves all the senses and incorporates picturesque alleyways, halls where knights used to roam, a colorful and authentic open air market (shuk), ancient bathhouses and quaint synagogues. The city of Acco went through many transformations over the centuries. It was once under Muslim rule, then was ruled by the Crusaders, and was then under Muslim rule again for four years until it was reconquered by the Crusaders. In this period (1191) Acco was the Crusader capital and the most important port in the region.

Today the port is active as a small fishing port. It is worthwhile to explore the old city of Acco on foot; so park your car at the public parking lot at the entrance to the old city. It is recommended to buy tickets in advance and to pay extra for an audio guide which can explain many features of the old city and help you understand more about the sites. The Knights' Hall was built in 1191, after the Crusaders reconquered Acco. But they did not succeed in conquering Jerusalem from the Muslims, and therefore they established Acco as their capital. They built a luxurious complex structure which included a citadel, a surrounding wall and a series of halls used by the Hospitallers Knights. These buildings have been excavated along with a dungeon, a dining hall and an ancient Gothic church.

Medieval European remains include the Church of Saint George and adjacent houses at the Genovese Square (Kikar Genoa). There were also residential quarters and marketplaces run by merchants from Pisa and Amalfi in Crusader and medieval Acco. There is an ancient aqueduct system and recent excavations have found evidence that a port existed here more than two thousand years ago. The citadel was later used as an Ottoman fortification, built on the foundation of the Hospitallerian citadel. There are also Bahíç'í_ holy places in Acco, dating from Bahíç'u'llíçh's imprisonment in the citadel during Ottoman Rule. These include the Bahai shrine and the Bahai mansion.

In the 20th century the citadel was used as a prison. During the time of the British mandate, Zionist resistance fighters were imprisoned and some were executed here. The citadel is well worth a visit. When you leave the citadel follow the sign to "Hamam al Basha", to see the Turkish bathhouse built in 1795 by the Ottoman Jezza Pasha with its steam room and marble fountain. The bathhouse operated until 1950. It served as a bridge used by the Irgun during British rule to break into the citadel's prison. There are two important Jewish sites 

  • Outdoors
  • Cultural
  • $

For tours of the Or Torah synagogue call in advance 972-4-9818451

Price is between 12 and 46 shekels, depending the acitivities.

הסיור בעכו, הוא חוויה רב חושית המשלבת סמטאות ציוריות, אולמות אבירים אדירי מיימדים, שוק סגנוני ואותנטי, בית מרחץ עתיק, ובית כנסת ציורי. העיר עכו עברה תהופוכות במשך אלפי שנים משלטון מוסלמי לצלבני, שוב מוסלמי ל 4 שנים ושוב צלבני. בתקופה זו [1191] העיר היתה בירת הממלכה הצלבנית ונמלה היה החשוב באזור. כיום הנמל משמש כנמל דייגים קטן ופעיל. הסיור בעכו כדאי רגלית בלבד. יש להחנות את הרכב בחניה הציבורית בכניסה לעכו העתיקה. כדאי ורצוי מאד בשעת רכישת הכרטיסים לשלם תשלום נוסף עבור ליווי הדרכה קולית. הדרכה זו תקל עליכם מאד בהסברים ובהבנת מגוון האתרים הרב שבמסלול. הכנסו למתחם "אולמות האבירים" בשנת 1191 כשהצלבנים כובשים שוב את עכו הם לא מצליחים במקביל לשחרר גם את ירושלים מידי המוסלמים וכך בונים הם את עכו כבירתם "המסדר ההוספיטלרי" ששכן בירושלים בימי הממלכה הצלבנית הראשונה מעביר את מפקדתו לעכו ובונים את המתחם המפואר במבנה בן מס' קומות סביב חצר גדולה, למתחם גם חלקים תת קרקעים עם מאגרי מים ומערכות ביוב.

במקום גם "מוזיאון אסירי המחתרות" בתוככי כלא זה ישבו אסירי המחתרות [ההגנה, אצ"ל ולח"י] שנעצרו בידי הבריטים בימי המאבק להקמת מדינת ישראל, כאן ניתן גם לבקר "בחדר הגרדום" בו הוצאו להורג בתליה תשעה יהודים חברי המחתרות ע"י הבריטים מהמצודה הטמפלרית בצידה המערבי נחצבה מנהרה עד לנמל העיר במזרח - מנהרה זו שימשה כמעבר תת קרקעי אסטרטגי שחיבר את הארמון עם הנמל, כדאי ומומלץ לבקש במנהרה. כשנצא ממתחם האבירים נפנה עם השילוט "לחמאם אל - פאשה" זה חמאם תורכי משופץ מלפני כ - 200 שנה וכדאי לבקר בו. מכאן תוך מספר דקות אנחנו בתוך השוק הסגנוני והאותנטי של עכו שיוביל אותנו אל נמל עכו המקסים. בצידו הדרומי של השוק מצויים 2 אתרים יהודים חשובים. 1. ביתו של חיים פרחי שהיה שר האוצר ויד ימינו של השליט המוסלמי "אחמד אל ג'אזר" במאות ה -18-19 [עד שלבסוף הרג אותו השליט האכזרי]. 2. בית הכנסת הרמח"ל. הרמח"ל חי בעכו בשנים 1743-1747 ובית הכנסת היום נבנה לפני כ - 200 שנה ע"ש הרמח"ל.

ביקור נוסף חובה בעכו [מחוץ לעיר העתיקה] הוא בביצ הכנסת התוניסאי "אור תורה" בית כנסת זה מפורסם בעולם כולו בגלל עבודות המוזיאקה המרהיבות. המכילות מאות מליוני אבנים טבעיות ובעבודת הויטראז' המרהיבה.

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  • Schedule

    The old city and its attractions are open from 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM

  • Duration

    Several hours

  • Suitabilty

    All ages

  • Season All year
  • Transportation

    Northern-most part of Haifa Bay

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